BlackBerry is a shrub of the family Rosaceae, with a height of 1-3 m. Stems erect or overhanging arcuate, angular, straight-lined or forward curved blades. The leaves are pinnate, with 3-5 leaves. The flowers are white or pink, collected paniculate at the ends of branches. The fruits of difficult shiny black drupes. Blossoms in may June, fruits in June — July. Good nectariferous. Widespread almost throughout Europe. Cultivated in America. It grows wild along river banks, moist forests.
Used Mature fruits and young leaves. The leaves are harvested during flowering, fruit – as they Mature. Fruits have sour-sweet, leaves a bitter taste. The smell is weak.
Chemical composition. In the fruit found glucose (2,88%), fructose (3,12-3,24%), sucrose (0,35—0,58%), ascorbic acid (15-18 mg %), carotene (up to 220 KE 100 g fruit), vitamin E, organic acids (2.2%), tannic and aromatic substances In the leaves found ascorbic acid (80-271 mg %), in seeds — a fatty oil (12.9 percent). Continue reading