Physiotherapy (gr. physis-nature, therapeia-treatment) – the branch of medicine that studies the physiological and therapeutic action of natural and artificially created physical factors and develops methods of their use for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes.
Age peculiarities of application of physiotherapy in the treatment of children
Armed with doctors thousands of drugs that have great benefit in the treatment of many diseases, but many pros almost all medications can have adverse side effects. In relation to children, first and foremost, about allergic reactions – unwanted reactions, particularly, can cause antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and some other drugs.
Treatment treatment is based on medical influence of physical factors (air, water, sun, exercise) on the body, which not only do not cause allergic reactions in most cases, but they have a pronounced anti-allergic action. The only exceptions are the pulmonary and electrophoresis of medicinal substances. When properly selected treatment even if these treatments risk of allergic reaction is minimal.
In Pediatrics uses all kinds of physical therapy, limiting some hydrotherapy – decislon to colds. Along with medical physical culture and massage therapy is the basis of rehabilitation. Physical therapy used during the treatment of acute process, often in the subacute period, the period of residual effects with the purpose of rehabilitation, prophylactic of different diseases depending on the severity and type of disease, increase of protective forces of an organism .
Among the features of children’s organism can be identified:
irritability of tissues in children;
the immature brain (ends formed only to 8 years);
lability, vegetarianrecipes, especially in adolescence, the tendency to lethargy, drowsiness or overstimulation;
the body of the child, unlike an adult consists of water by 80%, therefore, its tissue more elektroprovodka and can give stronger response;
unsettled mental development is always taken into account the child’s condition, psychological readiness, so the first procedure, usually carried out according to the type of placebo, ie a dummy that the child was not afraid;
be sure to take into account the factor of feeding. all procedures should be carried out for 30-40 minutes before feeding or 1 hour after.
Age restriction of use of certain physiotherapeutic methods of treatment for children:
Electrophoresis of drugs and galvanization from 2 weeks of age.
CMT 6 months of age.
Geodinamicheskie currents of at least 6 months.
Darsonvalization with 2 years.
Ultratone from birth.
Inductothermy with 4 years.
UHF 1 year.
SMV 2 years.
EHF since birth.
Ultrozvuk 3-4 years, with 2 years in adequate dosage.
Ultraviolet rays from birth.
Inhalation of birth.
Laser radiation with birth, but with great caution because of the instability of the Central nervous system.
Paraffin from birth.
Ozokerite from birth.
Fotohromotherapy from birth.
Mud therapy at 6 months of age.
Transcranial electrical stimulation and Electric – since birth.
Magnetic therapy with 2 to 3 years, low frequency magnetic therapy possible at an earlier age.
I would also like to note that physical factors should not scare parents of children. This is one of the safest methods of treatment. The locality, the narrow focus of factors, minimum medication dosage doing physical therapy is often the only possible treatment.
Iontophoresis (Greek. phoresis — bearing) — elektroforeticheskoe method combined influence on the organism and the DC input with the help of drugs. Pharmacological activity of medicinal substances, against the action of the constant current increases, as they are introduced into tissues in ionic form.
Deposition of drugs into the skin ensures a long period of reflex and focal effects on the body (during the day). Decreases side effects of drugs as they enter the body in small quantities, bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. However, the concentration of the drug in the pathological focus is increased and may exceed the concentration in injecting medicines. Iontophoresis has on the body the anti-inflammatory, locally advanced anasthesiologie action, improves tissue blood supply and the conductivity of the peripheral nerve fibers, reduces pathological impulses from the periphery, normalizes the functional state of Central and vegetative nervous system. The resort is often used electrophoresis of therapeutic muds.